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The Implementation of Fisheries and Aquaculture Policies

Audit Id 1594033422731
Title The Implementation of Fisheries and Aquaculture Policies
Titre dans la langue originale

Performanca e MBZHR-se ne kuader te zbatimit te Politikave te Peshkimit dhe Akuakultures


Année 2019

Environment and Natural Resources



Type de performance

Performed by single SAI

Description The Albanian SAI audited the implementation of national Fisheries and Aquaculture policies at the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MoARD) for the period 2016-2018. The Final Report was published in December 2019. Fishing and aquaculture activities are vital for economic and social development of the coastal areas and inland waters communities. To help developing these sectors MoARD approved the mid-term National Fishing Strategy and updated the legal framework in line with the EU acquis. The common fisheries and aquaculture policies, lay down rules on fisheries and aquaculture management, protect living resources of the sea and limit the environmental impact of fisheries. This includes: setting catch quotas, managing fleet capacity, rules on markets and aquaculture and support for fisheries and coastal communities. The aim of the audit was to examine whether the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Department for Fisheries Services and Aquaculture are implementing effectively the fisheries and aquaculture policies. Main Audit findings: • Laws and regulations for an effective management of fisheries and aquaculture activities are not fully implemented. The Aquaculture Law approved in 2016, is not implemented because the Areas Suitable for Aquaculture are not properly identified. Identification and approval of these areas are the first steps in the developing process of aquaculture in Albania. Since 2016, when the Aquaculture Law was approved, the MoARD did not take any activity for Aquaculture zoning. The main Fishing Law which was approved in 2012 and updated many times, is still not fully implemented. The MoARD does not have information about fish populations and their habitats and there are no assessments of the current state of fish stocks exploitation. • Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) is not functioning Since March 2017, VMS has not been functioning, making it difficult for the fishery inspection service to detect violations. Although it is mandatory for all vessels over 12 m to have the monitoring system, they operate in violation of the laws. Inspection Sector does not track and monitor vessels activities and the data are collected from logbooks. This fact makes it impossible for fishery inspectors to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. • The staff of Inspection Sector is not sufficient and qualified to fight illegal fishing in marine waters and inland waters. The Department for Fisheries Services and Aquaculture lacks sufficient and qualified human resources to ensure a 24/7 service to fight illegal fishing in marine waters and inland waters. There are 24 inspectors in Albania who control all fishing and aquaculture activities and they don’t have the basic equipment and tools, patrol vessels and vehicles to operate effective inspections. • No adequate data collection systém MoARD has not recruited monitors and observers to collect data and to cooperate with the inspection service as foreseen in the relevant amendment to the fishery law approved in May 2017. Fisheries statistics are collected by fishery inspectors. The data collected by the inspectors does not correspond with the data published by Albanian Institute of Statistics. • Mismanagement and lack of monitoring of Fishery Harbors. There are four Fishery Harbors in Albania, three of them are managed by Regional Fishery Management Organizations (RFMO) and one is managed by the Department for Fisheries Services and Aquaculture. We found that the RFMOs mismanage the harbors and have violated the terms of the agreement. They did not provide the basic infrastructure to support fishermen activities at the harbor such as: o a safe mooring area (tourist boats anchor in the area planned for fishing vessels); o provision for utilities and boat servicing (energy, water, fuel); o fish handling infrastructure (ice, cold storage, sorting areas, processing facilities); o marketing infrastructure • Not the whole production of mussels is certified Mussel Collection and Depuration Center (MCDC) does not have the capacities to purify all the amounts of mussels classified as category B that need purification treatment. Mussel growers violate the terms of agreement and do not declare all the quantity of mussels to the MCDC to get the certification. For example, in 2016 only 20% of the mussels’ production was certified and less than that in 2017 and 2018.





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Performance Audit Department
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